Unequal temperament tuning directions Comparison of historical temperaments antique harpsichord with tuning forks

UNEQUAL TEMPERAMENTS:

THEORY, HISTORY AND PRACTICE - 3rd ed.

by Claudio Di Veroli

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Excerpts from the book

1978 ... the book Unequal Temperaments and their Role in the Performance of Early Music ... Rudolf Rasch published ... a detailed review in Stimulus ... Rasch praised both the theoretical framework and the emphasis in the historical relevance of each temperament for present-day performance ...… 
Quite a few musicians wrote ... positive comments ... Let me just mention ... Igor Kipnis … Hubert Bédard … and John Barnes …. Bédard wrote: 'The most useful text on the subject I have seen yet. … This book … seems to settle the matter at last.'. ...

We hope these reduced pages will whet your appetite for the Unequal Temperaments book

Three decades having elapsed ... in 2007 I started working on this new book ... not a revision but a new treatise written from scratch ... it incorporates the results of new published research, including recent discussions by/with colleagues. ...

We hope these reduced pages will whet your appetite for the Unequal Temperaments book

With our simple yet powerful “dissection tools”, we are now ready to enter, in the following Chapters, the fascinating world of early temperaments in Renaissance, Baroque and Classical times. ... In meantone temperament … contrary to an often repeated but erroneous belief, the main restriction to further modulations is not caused by the wolf fifth, but instead by the 4 wolf major thirds ...

The fascinating properties and proportions of the Standard meantone diatonic and chromatic scales are treated in the next Chapter ... Let us now see how ancient musicians, and their modern followers, fare in practice when they need a Spiral of Fifths with up to 5 pairs of flats and sharps ...

... Chaumont and F.Couperin were using different variants ... The reconstructed Couperin organ temperament is shown below. ...

A disproportionate amount of effort and ink has been dedicated [by modern writers] to the analysis of the multiple variants of circular temperaments proposed by German Baroque theoreticians. ... We will eventually conclude that only a handful of these systems are really worth studying and tuning to. ...

If the reader finds it difficult to grasp which flavour of 'Good' temperament J.S.Bach advocated or preferred, he/she is in good company. ... Bach did not compose the WTC in order to advocate a peculiar tuning to be discovered by archaeologists of the future deciphering 'Rosetta stones'. … 

The Baroque is the only period in Western musical history in which the different amount of temperament of the intervals around the Circle of Fifths eventually became a component of musical expression. … 

THIRTY(30) HINTS AND TRICKS FOR HARPSICHORD TUNING. [For] early stringed keyboards …the following guidelines are an integrated set of suggestions and instructions …
MEANTONE FRETTING. … Unlike the pure intonations where some considerable mistuning was expected by early audiences and anyway unavoidable … in meantone … an accurate tuning is both feasible and expected. A simple [fretting] procedure follows …

This Chapter is intended to show how to play— easily and accurately—unfretted instruments in unequal temperaments. This is achieved by using specific fingering charts and techniques. ... The text has been written so as to be most useful to singers as well. …

“The road to intonation hell is paved with just-intonation intentions”. ... Were Bach's horn and trumpet players (for example the famous Reiche) better than Handel's (for example the famous Snow)? ... were perhaps Bach's players using narrow-bore instruments … with increased flexibility and ease in the upper parts of the register?